Meshwesh


Meshwesh
c.1417-c.720 BC.
    The Meshwesh first appear in Egyptian records in the reign of *Amenophis III, but they are mentioned most frequently in connection with the *Libyans and *Sea-peoples in the battles against the Ramesside kings.
    Hunger seems to have forced them, with their neighbours the *Libyans, to attempt to invade and settle in the Delta during the reign of *Ramesses II. When *Merneptah ruled, they joined the *Libyans and a coalition of *Sea-peoples to attack the Delta, but were repulsed by the Egyptians, and in Year 5 of *Ramesses III's reign they formed part of a *Libyan coalition which attacked Egypt, apparently in objection to pharaoh's choice of their new leader. Utterly defeated again, in Year 11 they nevertheless led a much larger coalition against Egypt, which gained some initial success but was finally crushed. On this occasion, their chief, Mesher, was taken prisoner and his father's appeals for mercy met with no response.
    Descendants of the prisoners captured in these battles and those who voluntarily settled in Egypt later on were eventually rewarded with land there, in return for military service for Egypt. They became so numerous that by c.950 BC, the 'Chiefs of the Meshwesh' were able to become the kings of Egypt, establishing the Twenty-second Dynasty (c.945-730 BC).
BIBL. Kitchen, K.A. 3rdInt; Wainwright, G.A. The Meshwesh. JEA 48 (1962) pp. 89 ff.; Holscher, W. Libyer undAgypter. Gluckstadt: 1937.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meshwesh — Meshwesh in hieroglyphs …   Wikipedia

  • Meshwesh — Machaouach Machaouach …   Wikipédia en Français

  • History of early Tunisia — History of Tunisia ANCIENT HISTORY OF TUNISIA …   Wikipedia

  • Egypt, ancient — Introduction  civilization in northeastern Africa dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article… …   Universalium

  • History of ancient Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Berber people — Berbers Imazighen / ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⴻⵏ …   Wikipedia

  • History of ancient Egypt — The History of ancient Egypt spans the period from the early predynastic settlements of the northern Nile Valley to the Roman conquest in 30 BC. The Pharaonic Period is dated from around 3150 BC, when Lower and Upper Egypt became a unified state …   Wikipedia

  • Shoshenq I — Pharaoh Infobox | Alt= Shishak Caption=Karnak relief depicting Shoshenq I and his second son, the High Priest Iuput A| Reign=943 ndash; 922 BC [R. Krauss D.A. Warburton Chronological Table for the Dynastic Period in Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss… …   Wikipedia

  • Pharaoh (novel) — TOCleft Pharaoh ( pl. Faraon) is the fourth and last major novel by the Polish writer Bolesław Prus. Composed over a year s time in 1894 ndash;1895, it was the sole historical novel by an author who had previously disapproved of historical novels …   Wikipedia

  • Berber (Etymology) — The term Berber is but a variation of the Latin original word Barbarian, earlier in history applied by Romans specifically to their northern hostile neighbors from Germania (modern Germany). The variation is a French one when spelled Berbere and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.